The Mall

(c) Photo: Cpl Stephen Harvey/MOD, OGL v1.0
The Mall, Trooping the Colour 2018
The Mall (2011)
The Mall um 1750

The Mall [ˈmæl] in London ist die Prachtstraße der britischen Hauptstadt und stets die erste Etappe des Souveräns auf seiner Fahrt entweder zu den Houses of Parliament oder zum Exerzierplatz der Horse Guards. Sie erstreckt sich vom Buckingham Palace im Westen bis zum Admiralty Arch bzw. dem Trafalgar Square im Osten. An Sonn- und Feiertagen sowie bei zeremoniellen Anlässen ist die von breiten Gehwegen gesäumte sechsspurige Straße für den Verkehr gesperrt.

The Mall ist seit den 1950er Jahren rot gefärbt und wirkt so wie ein riesiger roter Teppich, der bis zum Buckingham Palace führt.[1][2]

Geschichte

Unmittelbar vor den Toren des Buckingham Palace am westlichen Ende der Prachtstraße steht das Queen Victoria Memorial, während der Admiralty Arch sich im Osten zum Trafalgar Square hin öffnet. Die Südseite der Prachtstraße ist nahezu komplett von Grünflächen des angrenzenden St. James’s Park gesäumt. Kurz vor dem östlichen Ende der Straße, vor dem Admiralty Arch, führt ein Abzweig, die Horse Guards Road, südlich zur Horse Guards Parade, wo eine der drei – im Sommer täglichen – Wachablösungen stattfindet sowie einmal jährlich Trooping the Colour als Geburtstagsparade des Monarchen. Auf der Nordseite grenzt The Mall am Buckingham Palace zunächst an ein kurzes Stück des Green Park und verläuft dann in Richtung Osten, parallel zu Pall Mall, entlang Lancaster House, Clarence House, dem St James’s Palace, den Marlborough House Gardens, dem Privy Council Office, der Royal Society, der British Academy, dem Institute of Contemporary Arts sowie dem Hauptsitz des British Council.

The Mall wurde im späten 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhundert als Route für zeremonielle Anlässe umgestaltet, einschließlich der von Aston Webb entworfenen neuen Fassade des Buckingham Palace sowie des neu errichteten Queen Victoria Memorial. Vorbilder waren die für hohe nationale Feierlichkeiten angelegten Prachtstraßen in Großstädten wie Washington, D.C., Paris, Berlin, Mexiko-Stadt, Wien, St. Petersburg und Oslo.

Bei Staatsbesuchen fahren die britische Königin oder der britische König, begleitet von einer Eskorte mit dem Staatsgast, die mit den Flaggen beider Staaten geschmückte Mall hinauf.

Ursprünglich wurde The Mall als breiter Boulevard schon in den 1660er-Jahren angelegt. Nach ihrer Fertigstellung avancierte sie in kurzer Zeit zu Londons bevorzugter Flaniermeile.

The Mall ist das Ziel des London-Marathon. Während der Olympischen Sommerspiele 2012 war The Mall Start- und Zielgerade mehrerer Wettbewerbe im Radsport und in der Leichtathletik. Unter anderem wurden hier die Straßenradrennen, die Geher-Wettkämpfe und die Marathonläufe entschieden.

Literatur

  • Bamber Gascoigne: Encyclopedia of Britain. BCA, London/New York/Sydney/Toronto 1993, ISBN 0-333-54764-0, S. 401.

Weblinks

Commons: The Mall – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

Einzelnachweise

  1. Column: The Mall of London • Current Publishing. 14. Oktober 2014, abgerufen am 3. September 2023 (amerikanisches Englisch).
  2. Daryl G. Morrissey: The Mall. Abgerufen am 3. September 2023 (britisches Englisch).

Koordinaten: 51° 30′ 15″ N, 0° 8′ 7″ W

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The Coldstream Guards Troop Their Colour MOD 45165212.jpg
(c) Photo: Cpl Stephen Harvey/MOD, OGL v1.0
Pictured are Soldiers of the Mass Bands and Household division marching in front of and behind HM Queen Elizabeth returning back to Buckingham Palace.

All the Royal Colonels accompanied Her Majesty on the parade, with The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge and The Princess Royal riding on horseback; The Duke of York also rode for the first time in his new capacity as the Colonel of the Grenadier Guards.

These operational soldiers, for many of whom this was their first Queen’s Birthday Parade, are fresh from recent exercises in Dartmoor. They are famed across the world for their immaculate turnout and ceremonial prowess, but as a dual-role battalion they are equally busy with operational training and duties.

  • Organization: MOD
  • Object Name: APOLOND-2018-104-Queens Birthday Parade-SH -00101
  • Supplemental Categories: Ceremonial, Army
  • Keywords: Royalty, Army, London, British Army, Whitehall, Band, Buckingham Palace, Cavalry, Bearskins, Coldstream Guards, Grenadier Guards, Guards, Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, Kings Troop Royal Horse Artillery, Military Music, Queens Birthday Parade, Westminster, The Mall, Union Flag, Divisions and Brigades, HQ London District, The Household Cavalry, The Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, Regiments, The Household Cavalry Regiment, HCR, The Life Guards, The Blues and Royals, HCMRD, Bands, Household Cavalry, Location, Parade, Royal Air Force, RAF, Clothing, Ceremonial, Lanyard, Sash, White Gloves, Mace, Cape, Musicians Jockey Cap, Aiguillette, Musicians Pouch, Equipment, Bearskin, Household Division, Bearskin Plume, Hackle
  • Country: United Kingdom
London The Mall 03.jpg
"The Mall" in London/UK with Westminster Abbey in the distance
The Mall London.jpg
Autor/Urheber: aurélien., Lizenz: CC BY-SA 2.0
The Mall, London